Retinal Disorders: Retinal Tear or Detachment, Macular Pucker, Macular Hole, Floaters

The Human Eye - Retina - Optic Nerve

Retinal surgery is surgery performed on the eye by an ophthalmologist. The eye requires extreme care before, during and after a surgical procedure as it is one of the most fragile organs of human body. Once retinal surgery has been performed a patch is placed over the affected area for a few days. In few cases the patient is required to have a bed rest for a few days to let healing begin. The patient should be patient and avoid lifting anything while healing takes place.

Retinal Tear or Retinal Detachment

The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of our eye. It helps in sensing light and sending images to our brain. If this vital tissue is affected then it may lead to retinal disorders, which can affect our vision and some can also lead to blindness. Retinal detachment is one such type of retinal disorders. This type of disorder leads to a sudden and severe loss of vision. One of the primarily reason for retinal detachment is due to a tear formation in the retina. When a tear occurs, the vitreous liquid passes behind the retina and detaches it. A simple laser or cryopexy procedure can treat retinal tear without a detachment. However, one may need to undergo either retinal surgery or vitreo-retinal surgery, depending upon the severity of the case to settle the retinal disorder.

Macular Pucker and Macular Hole

Macula is a part of retina located at its center. Macular pucker and macular hole are few of the examples of retinal disorders that one can have. Scar tissue is formed on the macula in the eye’s when patients develops macular pucker. People over sixty usually suffer from macular hole where they develop a small break in their macula. Macular pucker can lead to blurred and distorted central vision. Although macular pucker and macular hole result from the same reason but they are different conditions. The pulling on the retina from a shrinking vitreous is the cause for both these retinal disorders.


Floaters are small specks moving in our field of vision. One can see them when looking at a plain background like up in the sky. Also known as cobwebs, these look like spots, straight or curved lines. Eye floaters may be present in only one eye or both eyes. Eye floaters always appear darker than the background. These cannot be seen if the eyes are closed. Generally, floaters are part of the natural aging process and simply an annoyance. They usually settle below the line of sight and do not go away completely. In the early stages of eye floater, no treatment is required; if the problem progresses, however, treatment is available.

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