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Types of Eye Surgeries - An Overview

Laser eye surgery preparation

As the list of eye disorders becomes complex, so does their list of cures. Eye surgery has made a lot of development with advanced technology. Gone are the days when steel blades and painful procedures were used for eye surgeries. Today, advanced ways are available to treat almost all types of eye problems and disorders. Laser eye surgery is the most common and widely used treatment for correcting eye disorder. Laser eye surgery can be broadly classified into two types of surgery: LASIK - Laser-Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis and PRK - Photorefractive Keratectomy. Under these two categories, there are many variations and flavors of eye surgery. Overview of different types of eye surgery is listed below:

LASIK

This is the most popular laser eye surgery, done on patients with myopia, non-extreme hypermetropia and astigmatism. LASIK treatment has highest success rate and if anything goes wrong it can be easily corrected. Normally, all LASIK eye surgery are non-reversible. LASIK is safe and is a good replacement for eye glasses and contact lenses.

PRK

This is a better version of LASIK eye surgery. This procedure is used on patient with thin corneas. The outermost layer of the cornea is scraped manually and the laser is used to reshape the underlying surface of the cornea correcting the vision. PRK is generally safe, however it needs a longer recovery period and more discomfort compared to LASEK.

Epi-LASEK

This is a modified version of LASEK, where a living layer of epithelium is preserved and replaced after reshaping the stroma. This procedure is less uncomfortable and heals faster than LASEK.

Laser Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK)

This is an advanced version of PRK procedure where alcohol is used to soften the epithelium and remove it. The excimer laser then reshapes the stroma to correct the vision.

CustomVue IntraLasik

This is the most expensive type of laser eye surgery where laser is used to create a cornea flap and a CustomVue's Waterfront technology to correct the vision.

Conventional IntraLasik

In this laser treatment, femtosecond Intralase laser is used to make the cornea flap. This results in creating a much thinner flap and eliminates the imperfections caused by a metal blade. This is the best method for cornea flap creation. However it needs to be used with Wavefront technology.

Refractive Surgery

It is a procedure designed to treat the refractive errors of the eye and decreases the dependency on corrective lenses and glasses. Refractive eye surgery can reduce myopia, hyperopia and elongated corneas.

There are also other eye procedures and types of eye surgeries that can treat cataract, glaucoma, refractive, corneal, vittreo-retinal, oculoplastic, and other eye disorders. Depending on the specific type of surgery a patient undergoes, there may be some follow up required. The surgery and recovery time is very fast. Laser surgery is a boon for those suffering from eye aliments. However, if one needs an eye laser surgery, he must follow all the instructions prescribed by his doctor for a speedy recovery.

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